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    當前位置首頁 » 新聞資訊 » 新聞資訊 » 行業百科 » 居民門禁卡隨意復制存隱患 律師:沒有納入監管

    居民門禁卡隨意復制存隱患 律師:沒有納入監管

    返回列表 來源:建和智能卡 瀏覽:- 發布日期:2018-06-08 14:24:07【

    140166976

    調查

    很多所都裝了門禁刷卡裝置,但門禁卡真的安全嗎?北京晨報記者日前調查發現,只要有一個售價百元左右的復制儀器,普通門禁卡30秒即可完成復制。此外,這些復制器也可復制校園卡和飯卡。對此,警方表示此類產品如用于非法途徑,將依法承擔法律責任。律師建議要增強對該類產品的監管。

    門禁卡隨意復制

    李女士住在廣安門外一小區,小區大門及樓門都需要用門禁卡才能進門。前天,她意外將門禁卡丟失,到物業補辦門禁卡時被索要50元并需要身份證復印件。不過,李女士發現離家不遠的一間配鑰匙店就有門禁卡復制業務,且復制一張只要10元。“我以為有門禁就很安全,沒想到配門禁卡是一件很簡單的事兒。這樣的話,看來這張門禁卡起到的保護作用也就形同虛設了。”

    不僅如此,今年上大二的學生小張告訴記者,他曾在校園門口復制過學校飯卡。“10塊錢,不到一分鐘就能把卡復制完。只是那張卡上沒有校園卡的印花,但不影響正常使用。”小張說,一些人也曾向學生借飯卡,到復制攤位去復制。“這樣進學校吃飯就能享受學生價了,會便宜很多。”

    復制卡開門同樣輕松

    昨天,北京晨報記者發現,一些配鑰匙的及修鞋攤位就可復制門禁卡。在珠市口附近的一處配鑰匙攤位上,攤主稱可以配門禁卡,不需身份登記。記者將家中的門禁卡交給攤主,對方拿進屋內,30秒后就拿出一個比原本的門禁卡大一些的卡片來。“回去試試,不能用再來找我。”記者向其詢問制作方法,店主稱,就是使用一個解密器。“成本很少,我們賣的也便宜。”店主介紹稱,他的大部分客戶都是附近商業樓內的白領,門禁卡丟失后,就會來這里配。但是他稱,并非所有門禁卡都能復制。“要試一試才知道能不能復制,如果是加密了的門禁卡,就復制不了。”記者在小區門禁上使用“克隆卡”時,發現它與原卡無任何區別,可以輕易打開大門。

    此外,記者發現,在網上這些解密器也在公開出售,價格在幾十元到幾百元不等。記者在一家店內看到,儀器類似遙控器,表面有1至9的數字,還有兩個按鍵,分別是“讀卡”與“寫卡”。店主介紹,“如果是可以復制的卡,就按‘讀卡’,然后再放另外一個空卡,按‘寫卡’就可以了。”他稱,在復制前,如機器發出“滴滴滴”的聲音就證明卡沒有加密,可以復制,如果沒有則是加密卡,無法復制。

    大多數卡都能被復制

    對于被復制的門禁卡,一間專門出售門禁卡的公司技術顧問常先生告訴記者,門禁卡其實就是通常所說的IC卡,又可以分為ID卡、M1卡、CPU卡。

    他稱,目前使用的門禁卡,ID卡最容易被復制,原因是一些空白卡的生產商沒有按國家標準進行生產。國家標準要求正規廠家生產的每一張ID卡都必須寫入唯一物理號,不能重復。但一些非正規廠家生產的白卡根本就沒寫入物理號,進入市場后,商家就可以隨時“復制”寫入。

    常先生稱,M1卡雖然可以加密,但其實早在2008年就被宣布可以被破解。雖然M1卡可以對存儲信息進行加密,但復制過程并不需要解密,兩張卡之間復制信息,就像電腦之間用U盤拷貝資料一樣,讀取和寫入都無需破解,復制的卡一樣可以使用。對于無法使用的卡,則是因為復制卡的頻率不對,所以無法正常使用。目前CPU卡無法被復制。

    律師 復制卡行業應入監管

    門禁卡可以隨意配,這樣的行為是否違法?就此記者咨詢了北京康普律師事務所的吳立宏主任律師,吳律師表示,目前,我國并沒有相關的法律規定,所以商家從事這一業務本身不存在違法,但從業人員應當盡到注意義務。

    他認為,商家對前來復制卡的人,應要求其提供身份信息,如果對方是復制小區門禁卡、賓館房卡等,還應要求其提供物業或賓館開具的相應證明,不能不管不問隨意復制。一旦因復制卡造成了安全事故,持卡人和復制者都要承擔相應法律責任,“說白了,復制卡就和開鎖、配鑰匙是一個性質”,應像開鎖公司,由公安部門對該行業進行監管。

    記者從警方獲悉,目前,警方僅要求開鎖和配鑰匙的從業人員在公安部門備案,接受警方監管,但復制卡是一個相對較新的行業,還沒有被納入監管。如果復制的門禁卡用于不法用途,使用者將承擔相應法律責任。

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